5 Gallon drum dose not including activation cyrstals for cleaning. The activation crystals will need to be order separately if is being used for cleaning.The gallon of Oxine comes with 1lb tub of activation cyrstals and the case of four gallons comes with one 4lb tube of activations crystals. All orders come with Oxine Packet, mixing instruction for sanitation or fogging.
The most obvious application is that of a surface disinfectant following a thorough cleaning. This is where the ultra high power of chlorine dioxide chemistry comes into play. The broad spectrum, high speed-of-kill antimicrobial activity cannot be beaten. Oxine does its job quickly and completely then breaks down readily into inert materials. Oxine has been shown to be virucidal, fungicidal, bactericidal and even high sporicidal activity. Many of the commonly used disinfectants such as quats and phenols have little if any sporicidal activity.
Humidifiers and Water Coolers
Cooling waters are usually open to the atmosphere and readily undergo contamination. There are considerable economic, estetic and health reasons for keeping these waters in a sanitary condition. With little attention to these reservoirs significant levels of microorganisms can develop. Slime and odor causing microorganisms can not just survive, but can flourish in these waters. These microoganisms can develop a resistance to even significant levels of chlorination and form protective biofilm layers within the system. In an International Food Technology summary report from over two years biofilm research the active ingredient of Oxine, chlorine dioxide, was listed as one of the most effective compounds for the destruction of biofilms. Our experience conforms competely with their findings. Oxine is highly effective in removing biofilms and microorganisms from these systems.
Water Storage Systems
Many facilities are located such that water supply is based on underground well and/or surface waters. These waters often contain various forms of microoganisms that are known to cause problems in livestock and humans. Treating the stored water prior to use can help eliminate biofilms and inhibit microbial growths. It is important to start with water free from microoganisms or else there is a continual source of new bacteria, protozoa and other problem causing organisms arriving into what was once a disinfected area.
One of the most interesting characteristics about Oxine is the abilty to reduce odors. This is primarily due to the chemical action of chlorine dioxide with sulfur and nitrogen atoms. Bad smelling odors, called malodors, are typically associated with a molecule that contains a sulfur or nitogen atom. A vivid example of this fact is in the smell associated with skunks. This compound has a sulfur and hydrogen atom (SH) which allows it to fit into certain olfactory receptors in the nose. When this happens the odor of a skunk is experienced. Oxine chemically reacts with these types of molecules by oxidizing the sulfur atom and therefore changing the molecular structure. The molecule no longer stimulates the same olfactory receptors in the way it once did and hence the odor is eliminated. Many malodors associated with agricultural production areas are associated with molecules easily oxidized and thus eliminated by Oxine.
Animal confinement plays an important role in many types of animal production. Many facilities practice all-in and all-out rotations which allow time for proper cleaning and sanitizing. But when this is not possible, Oxine can be used to help control airborne bacteria and help inhibit microbial activity. This is an important step in order to break the disease cycle. Many bacteria and fungi are spore forming and becoming resistant to even industrial grade solutions of other disinfectants. Oxine has proven sporicidal activity which is a key criteria in high level biosecurity. With applications of Oxine for water, air and surfaces there are very few paths remaining for microbial infections to occur.
Feed Troughs and Storage Bins
Effective cleaning and sanitizing of feed bins and containers is highly encouraged. The reason for this is because of the fungal growths commonly associated with these areas. Some strains of the fungus Aspergillus flavus produce aflatoxin which is known to be carcinogenic. Allowing livestock to consume a carcinogen can have dramatic consequences. Feeds are usually manufactured and sold with a quality of being free from these toxins, but improper management of feed storage areas allows for the development of fungal growths that can spread from one supply to the next. Over time these growths can being to produce byproducts that are detrimental to proper weight gains. Oxine can be used to help break the cycle of fungal growths associated with feed areas.
* EPA registration as a disinfectant for animal confinement facilities such as poultry house, swine pens, calf barns and kennels.
* EPA registration as a bacteriostat in animal confinement facilities where "all-in, all-out" cannot be practiced.
* Oxine (AH) may be used on floors, walls and ceilings as well as handling and restraining equipment, forks, shovels and scrapers used for removing litter and manure.
* Fogging or spraying equipment may be conveniently located in confinement facilities and used to apply Oxine (AH) for control and elimination of airborne microbial contaminants.
* When using active Oxine (AH) solutions, the facility should be depopulated.
* Oxine (AH) may also be used as a bacteriostat (non-activated) for control of surface and airborne microbial contamination. While the use of more product may be neccessary, depopulation is not required in this method of application.
* Oxine (AH) is available in 4 X 1 gallon cases, 5 gallon pails and 30 and 55 gallon drums.
Frequently Asked Questions About OXINE
1.) Is Oxine a registered product that is approved to use in my family?
Oxine is an EPA registered product and has twenty-three pages of approvals for use in industries such as animal health, food processing, medical facilities and airlines. Oxine also has approvals from FDA as well as USDA, and BCI continues to add new approvals periodically.
2.) If Oxine is so good, then why am I just now hearing about it?
Bio-Cide International, Inc. has been manufacturing Oxine for over twenty-six years. The primary use of Oxine has been in food processing. In order to achieve the registrations and approvals required to provide Oxine, BCI has spent the past several years pursuing the testing results to maintain registrations on its products. Now that much of that is complete, new markets once neglected are being looked at again.
3.) What about the safety aspects of Oxine, should I be afraid of it?
On the label there is a single word statment that is required of all registered anti-microbial products. In order to determine which word must be listed EPA considers the toxicity and safety of the product and places it into a category. There are four categories, and the safest is that of number four. Category one requires a "Dangerous" and category two the word "Warning" while categories three and four only need the "Caution" statement. Oxine is considered a category three product and is only required to use the "Caution" on its label.
4.) Is Oxine effective against the PRRS virus?
Oxine has shown to be 100% virucidal against the PRRS virus in a recent test conducted at a USDA facility in Iowa. Other viruses tested are African Swine Fever, newcastle Disease, Foot and Mouth Disease and Canine Parvovirus. While no complete list of efficacy can be performed by any company, Oxine has always produced superior kills against every organism it has been tested against.
Proper use of Oxine
Oxine is applied using one of three methods. Hose-end-sprayer, air mister or proportional pumping. The typical use and activation for each application method are outlined as follows:
Fill sprayer with Oxine and add 2.0 ounce of citric acid (1 tablespoon) per 16 fluid ounces of Oxine and allow to set for five mintues. A yellow color should develop as an indicator that the product is being activated for use. Set adjustment on sprayer to deliver 1.0 fluid ounce of Oxine per gallon of water (1:128) for control of bacteria, mold and fungi. Use a setting of 3.0 fluid ounce of Oxine per gallon of water (1:42) for control of virus and spores.
In order to apply Oxine around pipes and other difficult areas to disinfect, an air mister is an excellent tool. Also, better air quality can be obtained in confined areas by using periodic applications to the air. A concentration of 3.0 fluid ounce of Oxine and two tablespoons of citric acid mixed and allowed to stand for five minutes can be diluted with one gallon of water and used in the mister. Another way to fill the mister is to use the hose-end-sprayer at a setting of 3.0 fluid ounces per gallon as mentioned above. This solution is then misted into the air. Compatible misters are available from Bio-Cide International, Incorported.
Some applications of Oxine can be made using a pump to dose treat volumes of water. If this is the case for your facility it is recommended that a BCI representative be contacted to assist with the calculation and set-up. However, understanding that a typical 1:128 ratio is equivalent to 1.0 fluid ounce per gallon and a 1:42 ratio is equivalent to 3.0 fluid ounces per gallon will be very useful in setting up a proportional pump unit.
High pressure spraying units are often used to apply chemicals in rooms previously cleaned. This method is adequate for Oxine as long as the high pressure adjustment on the end of the wand is changed to a low pressure setting. A high pressure setting will cause the active ingredient of Oxine to be displayed at the nozzle outlet and very little if any activity will be observed on the surface being disinfected.