Simply start from early puppyhood and have your puppy sleep and
rest in his home. Almost without trying he will train himself to seek security
and comfort inside his little “dog room”.
Encourage your puppy to go into his home on his own. If necessary,
toss a little treat in the home. Don’t force him! He may quickly back out or be
shy, but that’s normal. At first, don’t close the door on him, let him go in
and out on his own.
Once he is happy and unafraid of his new home, simply retrain him
at the door with your hand. Make him stay in the home for a few minutes, then
gradually increase the time and be sure to praise him!
Once he is comfortable with this (probably a few hours or days of
short training sessions) simply restrain him at the door with the door-again
praising him lavishly. Soon he will be secure in his hoe with the door closed.
Slowly you can get further and further away from him, always praising his
accepting behavior. Eventually, the pup will sit quietly and sleep in his home
with the door closed.
Step 2: Direct his elimination
Understand that little puppies need to “go” about every 2-4 hours.
On a schedule, (such as after feeding, before bedtime, first thing in morning)
let your puppy out, teach him the route to the door, praise him at the door and
take him out to the part of the yard you want him to use. Very quickly, you are
teaching him an elimination schedule that will stay with him for the rest of
As your puppy gets older (4-6 months) you can gradually leave him
in his home for longer periods of time because he can “hold it” longer. Soon he
can be in his home all day, if necessary, until someone arrives to let him out.
Some of the DO’s and DON’Ts of Crate Training
DON’T…put “housebreaking pads”
or newspaper in your pet’s home. We are trying to take advantage of the pup’s
natural instinct NOT to go in his home.
DO…get your pup used to his
new home gradually. Plan on taking plenty of quality time with him the first
few days to get him accustomed to his new surroundings.
DON’T…leave your very young pup
in his home all day. At 6 weeks, a pup can hold his bladder about 4 hours, by 8
weeks-5hours, by 12 weeks-6 hours and by 5-6 months a pup should be able to
“hold it” for an 8 hour work day.
DO…supervise your pup anytime
he is free in your home. Supervision is what allows you to direct behavior.
Chewing, elimination, barking, and all other behaviors are all dependent on
your direction. If allowed to be unsupervised, he will begin to direct his own
behavior and schedule.
DON’T…let your new pup roam
through your house unsupervised. Keep an eye on him so that when he sniffs and
circles (an indication he is about to go) you can quickly and gently guide him
to the door and outside.
DO…provide soft, washable
bedding in the home so that it is comfortable and warm. Make the inside of the
home as cozy as you can. Keep it clean of fleas.
DON’T…punish your pup by putting
or forcing him into his home. You pup’s home should not be associated with punishment
or anything negative.